Duration: May, 2004-February, 2008 Chittagong hill tract rural development project

Description:

The primary objective of the Project is to reduce the incidence of absolute property among the rural population of the CHT through developing the basic physical infrastructure and expanding income and employment-generating opportunities that will substantially raise the standard of living of the landless and small marginal farmers. These developments will recognize the unique and fragile physical environment and will incorporate sound sustainable management practices. This approach is consistent with the thrust of the Government’s Rural development strategy. It also directly supports the emerging collaboration between the Government and the NGOs in the provision of services, including micro-finance, to the rural poor. A supporting objective will be to provide a confidence-building environment to underpin the peace accord in which all the ethnic groups in the local communities will be empowered to decide on their own development priorities and take on ownership of the subsequent investments. These objectives will be achieved through initiatives in the following areas: (i) technology to improve infrastructure and on-and off-farm productivity, and to facilitate village level productive activities; (ii) organization, to improve local and institutional capacity to build, implement, operate and support project activities, and to address structural and institutional constraints; and (iii) sustainability, to (a) improve the levels of participation and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries, including women and the tribal population; (b) enhance food and income security; and (c) build supportive economic mechanisms, and social and political institutions.

The main components of the project are:

Part 1 – Upgrading and Rehabilitation of Rural Infrastructure:
(a) Improve up to approximately 75 kilometers (km) of feeder roads type B and up to 350 km of various classes of rural roads (rural road class one to rural roads class three);
(b) Construct about 6,069 linear meters of bridges and culverts needed for these roads and to fill gaps in some existing roads; and
(c) Provide vehicles, large machinery, equipment and consulting services.
Part 2 – Community Development
Part 3 – Micro enterprise Development
Part 4 – Project Management Support

Services:

– Work with LGED to expand their existing consultation and community structure where this is needed;
– Work with local communities to help establish community development committees where no suitable committee already exists;
– Conduct pilot exercises in remote areas to test the effectiveness of participation process;
– Review approaches in the light of the test, and to apply lessons learned with other communities;
– Work with the Institutional Development Specialist to advise the Deputy Project Directors on ways in which community concerns about project activities can be raised with the Project and responses made; and
– Develop a human resources program for training of project and executing agency staff in financial management and administration of ADB projects.

Funding agency: Asian Development Bank